Delivery & Read Receipts

Learn how to show single and double ticks for messages.

Mark Messages as Delivered

In other words, as a recipient, how do I inform the sender that I've received a message?

You can mark the messages for a particular conversation as read using the markAsDelivered() method. This method takes the below parameters as input:

messageId

The ID of the message above which all the messages for a particular conversation are to be marked as read.

receiverId

In the case of one-to-one conversation, the sender's sender UID will be the receipt's receiver Id.

In case of group conversation message's receiver Id will be the receipt's receiver Id.

receiverType

Type of the receiver. Could be either of the two values( user or group)

senderId

The UID of the sender of the message.

Messages for both user conversation and group conversation can be marked as delivered using this method.

Ideally, you should mark all the messages as read for any conversation when the user opens the chat window for that conversation. This includes two scenarios:

  1. When the list of messages for the conversation is fetched: In this case you need to obtain the last message in the list of messages and pass the message Id of that message to the markAsDelivered() method.
  2. When the user is on the chat window and a real-time message is received: In this case you need to obtain the message Id of the message and pass it to the markAsDelivered() method.
CometChat.markAsDelivered(message.getId(),message.getSender().getUid(),CometChatConstants.RECEIVER_TYPE_USER,message.getSender().getUid());
CometChat.markAsDelivered(message.getId(),message.getSender().getUid(),CometChatConstants.RECEIVER_TYPE_USER,message.getSender().getUid())
CometChat.markAsDelivered(message.getId(),message.getReceiverUid(),CometChatConstants.RECEIVER_TYPE_GROUP,message.getSender().getUid());
CometChat.markAsDelivered(message.getId(),message.getReceiverUid(),CometChatConstants.RECEIVER_TYPE_GROUP,message.getSender().getUid())

This method will mark all the messages before the messageId specified, for the conversation with receiverId and receiverType(user/group) as read.

In case you would like to be notified of an error if the receipts fail to go through you can use markAsDelivered() method with the callbacks as shown below:

CometChat.markAsDelivered(message.getId(), receiverUID, CometChatConstants.RECEIVER_TYPE_USER, message.getSender().getUid(), new CometChat.CallbackListener<Void>() {
  @Override
    public void onSuccess(Void unused) {
    Log.e(TAG, "markAsDelivered : " + "Success");
  }

  @Override
    public void onError(CometChatException e) {
    Log.e(TAG, "markAsDelivered : " + e.getMessage());
  }

});
CometChat.markAsDelivered(message.getId(), receiverUID, CometChatConstants.RECEIVER_TYPE_GROUP, message.getSender().getUid(), new CometChat.CallbackListener<Void>() {
  @Override
    public void onSuccess(Void unused) {
    Log.e(TAG, "markAsDelivered : " + "Success");
  }

  @Override
    public void onError(CometChatException e) {
    Log.e(TAG, "markAsDelivered : " + e.getMessage());
  }

});

Another option the CometChat SDK provides is to pass the entire message object to the markAsDelivered() method.

CometChat.markAsRead(baseMessage)

In case you would like to be notified of an error if the receipts fail to go through you can use markAsDelivered() method with the callbacks as shown below:

CometChat.markAsDelivered(message, new CometChat.CallbackListener<Void>() {
  @Override
    public void onSuccess(Void unused) {
    Log.e(TAG, "markAsDelivered : " + "success");
  }

  @Override
    public void onError(CometChatException e) {
    Log.e(TAG, "markAsDelivered : " + e.getMessage());
  }

});

📘

Please Note

Starting v3, the messages will not be marked delivered internally by the SDK. You will have to use the markAsDelivered() method. You will either have to use one of the above method signatures to mark the messages as delivered.

Mark Messages as Read

In other words, as a recipient, how do I inform the sender I've read a message?

You can mark the messages for a particular conversation as read using the markAsRead() method. This method takes the below parameters as input:

Parameter

Information

messageId

The ID of the message above which all messages for a particular conversation are to be marked as read.

receiverId

In case of one to one conversation message's sender UID will be the receipt's receiver Id.

In case of group conversation message's receiver Id will be the receipts's receiver Id

receiverType

This parameter indicates if the typing indicator is to be sent to a user or a group. The possible values are:

  1. CometChatConstants.RECEIVER_TYPE_USER
  2. CometChatConstants.RECEIVER_TYPE_GROUP

senderId

The UID of the sender of the message

Messages for both user and group conversations can be marked as read using this method.

Ideally, you should mark all the messages as read for any conversation when the user opens the chat window for that conversation. This includes two scenarios:

  1. When the list of messages for the conversation is fetched: In this case you need to obtain the last message in the list of messages and pass the message ID of that message to the markAsRead() method.
  2. When the user is on the chat window and a real-time message is received: In this case you need to obtain the message ID of the message and pass it to the markAsRead() method
CometChat.markAsRead(message.getId(),message.getSender().getUid(),CometChatConstants.RECEIVER_TYPE_USER,message.getSender().getUid());
CometChat.markAsRead(message.getId(),message.getSender().getUid(),CometChatConstants.RECEIVER_TYPE_USER,message.getSender().getUid())
CometChat.markAsRead(message.getId(),message.getReceiverUid(),CometChatConstants.RECEIVER_TYPE_GROUP,message.getSender().getUid());
CometChat.markAsRead(message.getId(),message.getReceiverUid(),CometChatConstants.RECEIVER_TYPE_GROUP,message.getSender().getUid())

This method will mark all the messages before the messageId specified, for the conversation with receiverId and receiverType (user/group) as read.

In case you would like to be notified of an error if the receipts fail to go through you can use the markAsRead() method with the callbacks as shown below:

CometChat.markAsRead(message.getId(), receiverUID, CometChatConstants.RECEIVER_TYPE_USER, message.getSender().getUid(), new CometChat.CallbackListener<Void>() {
  @Override
    public void onSuccess(Void unused) {
    Log.e(TAG, "markAsRead : " + "Success");
  }

  @Override
    public void onError(CometChatException e) {
    Log.e(TAG, "markAsRead : " + e.getMessage());
  }

});
CometChat.markAsRead(message.getId(), receiverUID, CometChatConstants.RECEIVER_TYPE_USER, message.getSender().getUid(), new CometChat.CallbackListener<Void>() {
  @Override
    public void onSuccess(Void unused) {
    Log.e(TAG, "markAsRead : " + "Success");
  }

  @Override
    public void onError(CometChatException e) {
    Log.e(TAG, "markAsRead : " + e.getMessage());
  }

});

Another option the CometChat SDK provides is to pass the entire message object to the markAsRead() method.

CometChat.markAsRead(baseMessage)

In case you would like to be notified of an error if the receipts fail to go through you can use the markAsRead() method with the callbacks as shown below:

CometChat.markAsRead(message, new CometChat.CallbackListener<Void>() {
  @Override
    public void onSuccess(Void unused) {
    Log.e(TAG, "markAsRead : " + "success");
  }

  @Override
    public void onError(CometChatException e) {
    Log.e(TAG, "markAsRead : " + e.getMessage());
  }
});

📘

Please Note

Starting v3, the markAsRead() method working with v2.x is deprecated and will not work. You will either have to use one of the above method signatures to mark the messages as read.

Receive Delivery & Read Receipts

In other words, as a recipient, how do I know when a message I sent has been delivered or read by someone?

Real-time Receipts

Real-time events for messages of a conversation being read or delivered can be obtained in the onMessagesRead() and the onMessagesDelivered() methods of the MessageListener class.

CometChat.addMessageListener("Listener 1", new CometChat.MessageListener() {
   @Override
     public void onMessagesDelivered(MessageReceipt messageReceipt) {
     Log.e(TAG, "onMessagesDelivered: " + messageReceipt.toString());
   }
   
   @Override
     public void onMessagesRead(MessageReceipt messageReceipt) {
     Log.e(TAG, "onMessagesRead: " + messageReceipt.toString());
   }
 });
CometChat.addMessageListener("Listener 1",object :CometChat.MessageListener(){
        override fun onMessageDelivered(messageReceipt: MessageReceipt?) {
          Log.d(TAG,"onMessageDelivered: ${messageReceipt.toString()}")
       }

        override fun onMessageRead(messageReceipt: MessageReceipt?) {
          Log.d(TAG,"onMessageRead: ${messageReceipt.toString()}")
       }
   })

You will receive events in the form of MessageReceipt objects. The message receipt contains the following parameters:

Parameter

Information

messageId

The ID of the message prior to which all the messages for that particular conversation have been marked as read.

sender

User object containing the details of the user who has marked the message as read.

receiverId

Id of the receiver whose conversation has been marked as read.

receiverType

Type of the receiver (user/group)

receiptType

Type of the receipt (read/delivered)

deliveredAt

The timestamp of the time when the message was delivered. This will only be present if the receiptType is delivered.

readAt

The timestamp of the time when the message was read. This will only be present when the receiptType is read.

Missed Receipts

You will receive message receipts when you load offline messages. For groups, we do not include the list the users that have received it. You need to call the getMessageReceipts() method for it.

While fetching messages in bulk, if the message is a part of a one-on-one conversation, the message object will have two fields viz. deliveredAt and readAt which hold the timestamp for the time the message was delivered and read respectively. Using these two variables, the delivery and read status for a one-on-one conversation message can be obtained.

However, for a group conversation message, the deliveredAt and readAt fields are set once a message is delivered to or read by all members of the group.

Receipt History for a Single Message

In order to fetch the message receipts, you can use the getMessageReceipts() method.

private int messageId = 10101;

CometChat.getMessageReceipts(messageId, new CometChat.CallbackListener<List<MessageReceipt>>() {
  @Override
    public void onSuccess(List<MessageReceipt> messageReceipts) {
        // Handle message receipts
  }

  @Override
    public void onError(CometChatException e) {
    // Handle error
  }
});
val messageId:Int=10101

CometChat.getMessageReceipts(messageId, object : CometChat.CallbackListener<List<MessageReceipt>>() {
     override fun onSuccess(messageReceipts: List<MessageReceipt>) {
            Log.d(TAG,"onSuccess: ${messageReceipts.size}")
        }

     override fun onError(e: CometChatException) {
            Log.d(TAG,"onError: ${e.message} ")
        }
    })

You will receive a list of MessageReceipt objects in the onSuccess() method.


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